Five Most Influential Scientists and Inventors in the World in the 20th Century

In the world of science, the role of a scientist is certainly considered very central and becomes one of the sources in describing natural phenomena scientifically. Of the many scientists in the world, some of them are considered to have a very large contribution so that they are able to catalyze their name in the global community.

This time, we will introduce some names who were very famous in the 20th century because they were great scientists. Come on, look at the article.

1. Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud

In the world of psychoanalytic science, Sigmund Freud has become a very famous and respected figure. As reported by Britannica, Freud contributed greatly to the progress of science in the 20th century with his theories about the soul, mentality, consciousness, the nervous system of the brain, and human behavior which became the foundation of scientific knowledge in the field of psychology.

Sigmund Freud was born in Moravia (now Pribor, Czech Republic) on May 6, 1856 and died in England, on September 23, 1939. The most famous theory ever proposed by him is the level of consciousness which is divided into three main parts, namely conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. . Then, there is also another theory in the form of three personality structures, namely the id, ego, and super-ego.

2. Marie Curie

Marie Curie

In the 20th century, the world of science also had a genius named Marie Curie. According to the History page, in 1896 he was very interested in researching the radioactive elements, namely uranium, polonium, and radium.

In 1903, Marie Curie, Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel finally shared the Nobel Prize in physics and radioactivity. Henri Becquerel was a physicist who also discovered radioactivity. Meanwhile, Pierre Curie is the husband of Marie Curie.

Some news and news mentions that four years after Pierre Curie died, Marie Curie had an illicit relationship with someone who had been a student of her husband. The problem is, the man named Paul Langevin is known to already have a wife.

3. Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison

Of course, you’ve heard the name Thomas Alva Edison, right? Yep, he is an inventor, academic, as well as an entrepreneur who invented several important tools. Edison was born in the United States on February 11, 1847 and died on October 18, 1931.

History records that he had invented modern telegraph machines, projectors, lamps, and even the working system of submarine torpedoes. Specifically regarding lamps, actually several academics in the world also make the same claim and this makes the discovery of lamps biased.

The greatest work of Thomas Edison is a company called General Electric (GE) which he founded in New York in 1892. The company has become one of the world’s giant industries in the field of electric tools.

4. Niels Bohr

Niels Bohr

Recorded in Live Science, a figure named Niels Bohr became one of the scientists who contributed to quantum theory. Thanks to his work and research on the structure of the atom, he won the Nobel Prize in 1922. Bohr was born in Denmark on October 7, 1885 and died on November 18, 1962.

Uniquely, Bohr has been quite famous in the affairs of science since he was young. He had won a contest held by the Copenhagen Academy of Sciences while still in college. Yep, since he was young, apparently he has started working in the laboratory of his own father who is also a physicist.

5. Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

No one does not know the genius figure named Albert Einstein. History records that this scientist who was born on March 14, 1879 has become one of the most influential humans in the world in the 20th century. With the theory of relativity that was initiated, Einstein is considered to have broken down and detailed modern physical theories that had never even been thought of before.

In fact, it is said that if Einstein lived any longer, he could have come up with a theory capable of creating a time machine. Albert Einstein died in America on April 18, 1955. His legacy of science is still validly used today.

In fact, there are many other scientists who were quite influential in the 20th century. However, the five names above have been recorded by history as the most famous geniuses in the world of science.

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