What are the types of Processor and What is Processor

What is Processor

The processor is often referred to as the brain and the center of computer control that is supported by other components. A processor is an IC that controls the entire course of a computer system and is used as the center or brain of a computer that functions to perform calculations and perform tasks. The processor is located in the socket provided by the motherboard and can be replaced with another processor as long as it matches the socket on the motherboard. One that has a very big influence on computer speed depends on the type and capacity of the processor.

The processor is a chip that is often called a “Microprocessor” which is now up to Gigahertz (GHz) in size. This size is a calculation of processor speed in processing data or information. Processor brands that are widely circulated in the market are AMD, Apple, Cyrix VIA, IBM, IDT, and Intel. Part of the Processor The most important part of the processor is divided into 3, namely:

1. Arithmetic Logical Unit (ALU)
2. Control Unit (CU)
3. Memory Unit (MU)

History of Microprocessor Development

1971: 4004 Microprocessor
In 1971 appeared Intel’s first microprocessor, the 4004 microprocessor was used in the Busicom calculator engine. With this discovery, the way is open to include artificial intelligence in inanimate objects.

1972: 8008 Microprocessor
In 1972 the 8008 microprocessor appeared which was twice as powerful as its predecessor, the 4004.

1974: 8080 Microprocessor
Being the brains of a computer called Altair, at that time it sold about ten thousand in 1 month.

1978: 8086-8088 Microprocessor
An important sale in the computer division occurred in products for personal computers made by IBM that used the 8088 processor that had boosted Intel’s name.

1982: 286 Microprocessor
The Intel 286 or better known as the 80286 is a processor that was the first to recognize and use the software used for the previous processor.

1985: Intel386™ Microprocessor
The Intel 386 is a processor that has 275,000 transistors embedded in the processor which when compared to the 4004 has 100 times more than the 4004.

1989: Intel486™ DX CPU Microprocessor
The first processor made it easy for various applications that previously had to type commands into just a click, and had complex mathematical functions so as to reduce the workload on the processor.

1993: Intel® Pentium® Processor
A new generation processor capable of handling various types of data such as voice, sound, handwriting, and photos.

1995: Intel® Pentium® Pro Processor
A processor designed for use in server and workstation applications, built to process data quickly, this processor has 5.5 million transistors embedded.

1997: Intel® Pentium® II Processor
The Pentium II processor is a processor that incorporates Intel MMX which is specifically designed to process video, audio, and graphics data efficiently. There are 7.5 million transistors integrated in it so that with this processor PC users can process various data and use the internet better.

1998: Intel® Pentium II Xeon® Processor
Processor made for the needs of server applications. Intel at that time wanted to fulfill its strategy of providing a unique processor for a particular market.

1999: Intel® Celeron® Processor
The Intel Celeron processor is a processor that is issued as a processor intended for users who don’t really need a faster processor performance for users who want to build a computer system with a budget (price) that is not too big.

This Intel Celeron processor has the same form and form factor as an Intel Pentium type processor, but only with fewer instructions, a smaller L2 cache, slower clock speed, and a cheaper price than Intel processors. Pentium type. With the release of this Celeron processor, Intel again provides a processor for a certain market.

1999: Intel® Pentium® III Processor
The Pentium III processor is a processor with an additional 70 new instructions that dramatically enhance the capabilities of high-level, three-dimensional imaging, audio streaming, and video and speech recognition applications.

1999: Intel® Pentium® III Xeon® Processor
Intel has again penetrated the server and workstation market by releasing the Xeon series but the Pentium III type which has 70 SIMD commands. The advantage of this processor is that it can speed up the processing of information from the system bus to the processor, which also boosts performance significantly. This processor is also designed to be combined with other similar processors.

2000: Intel® Pentium® 4 Processor
The Pentium IV processor is an Intel product whose processing speed is able to penetrate speeds of up to 3.06 GHz. The first time this processor came out with a speed of 1.5GHz with a form-factor of pin 423, after that Intel changed the form factor of the Intel Pentium 4 processor to pin 478 starting from an Intel Pentium 4 processor with a speed of 1.3 GHz to the latest which is currently able to penetrate speeds of up to 3.4 GHz.

2001: Intel® Xeon® Processor
Intel Pentium 4 Xeon processor is an Intel Pentium 4 processor that is specifically intended to act as a computer server. This processor has more pins than the Intel Pentium 4 processor and has a larger L2 cache memory.

2001: Intel® Itanium® Processor
Itanium is the first 64-bit processor that is intended for use on servers and workstations as well as certain users. This processor has been built with a completely different structure than before which is based on Intel’s Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing (EPIC) design and technology.

2002: Intel® Itanium® 2 Processor
Itanium 2 is the second generation of the Itanium family

2003: Intel® Pentium® M Processor
The 855 chipsets and Intel® PRO/WIRELESS 2100 are components of Intel® Centrino™. Intel Centrino was made to meet the market’s need for a computer that is easy to carry anywhere.

2004: Intel Pentium M 735/745/755 processors
Equipped with the 855 chipsets with new features 2Mb L2 Cache 400MHz system bus and compatibility with the processor socket with previous Pentium M series.

2004 : Intel E7520/E7320 Chipsets
The 7320/7520 can be used for dual-processor configurations with 800MHz FSB, DDR2 400 memory, and PCI Express peripheral interfaces.

2005: Intel Pentium 4 Extreme Edition 3.73GHz
A processor aimed at the market for computer users who want something more from their computers, this processor uses a configuration of 3.73GHz frequency, 1.066GHz FSB, EM64T, 2MB L2 cache, and HyperThreading.

2005: Intel Pentium D 820/830/840
The processor is based on 64 bits and is called dual-core because it uses 2 cores, with a configuration of 1MB L2 cache on each core, 800MHz FSB, and can operate at 2.8GHz, 3.0GHz, and 3.2GHz frequencies. This type of processor also includes Hyper-Threading support.

2006: Intel Core 2 Quad Q6600
Processor for desktop type and is used for people who want more power than their computer. It has 2 cores with a 2.4GHz configuration with 8MB L2 cache (up to 4MB which can be accessed by each core), 1.06GHz Front-side bus, and thermal design power (TDP).

2006 : Intel Quad-core Xeon X3210/X3220
The processor used for server type and has 2 cores with configurations of 2.13 and 2.4GHz, respectively, with 8MB L2 cache (up to 4MB accessed for each core), 1.06GHz Front-side bus, and thermal design power (TDP)

Leave a Comment